Taking the Puppy for Vet’s Checkup
It is very important to know the health status of your new puppy even before it sets foot in its new home. Let the vet examine the dog for any serious health concerns. He should rule out any birth defects. If there are any, know if you will be able to take care of them. Otherwise, you may have to return the puppy to the puppy store in exchange for another.
Your friends, family members and colleagues should be able to refer a qualified vet if you do not know any. If you have just settled in a new neighborhood, seek help from online directories. On top of the checkup plan a meticulous routine for conducting preventative health measures. Vets are armed with information such as food portions depending on the weight and age.
Know when your puppy should be vaccinated against specific diseases. Discover the most appropriate measures for controlling internal and external parasites. Local vets know specific ailments and parasites that affect dogs in specific geographical and climatic zones.
Do you want to neuter or spray your puppy? Learn the safe products and procedures. More importantly, understand common symptoms and signs of illness. These may vary from one dog breed to another. Do not leave the vet’s clinic, without asking any question that you have in mind. Take his contacts as you never know when you will need him.
Buying Puppy’s Food
You do not need a doctor to tell you the best food for your newly acquired puppy. However, it is important to know the growth patterns of the specific breed. Avoid food formulated for adult dogs as puppies grow differently. The food packaging should contain instructions from respected bodies such as the American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO).
Whatever food you buy, ensure that it meets the nutritional requirements. When buying dog food, the puppy’s age is usually the most important thing to consider. However, its gender, size and breed are important factors as well.
For example, small and medium dog breeds can start eating adult dog food when they attain 10-12 months old. On the other hand, large dog breeds should adhere to puppy food until they reach at least 2-years old. Keep enough fresh water at the puppy’s residence throughout.
Puppies aged 6-12 weeks should be fed 4 times in a day. Those in the 3-6 month age bracket can make with 3 feeds in a day. Puppies aged 6-12 months should be fed twice daily. Feed your puppies with equal portions and regulation.
Keep a Suitable Bathroom Routine
House training is perhaps the most important trick that your new friend should learn. You are lucky if you have ever trained a puppy to use the bathroom in the past. If it is your first time, prepare unprecedented planning, patience and reinforcement. To avoid accidents, consider using a puppy carpet option.
The spread of diseases and viruses can be overwhelming if you have other dogs within your home. If so, keep your new puppy in a secluded residence outside your main house. If it does its mess outside its designated area, reinforce training without punishing it.
When it urinates or defecates where it should, congratulate it. Take it out to potty early in the morning when you wake up and just before bedtime. Do it again after meals and after it drinks lots of water. It might also be necessary to take it out after its afternoon nap and during physical exercise.
Keeping Sickness at Bay
Just like humans, dogs show signs of illness. Catch these in the earliest stage to prevent these from becoming fully-blown. If it has reduced appetite or vomits after meals, that is the clearest indication of suffering.
Examples of other common symptoms include diarrhea, little or no weight gain, swollen abdomen, lethargy, nasal discharge, coughing, wheezing, difficulty in breathing, swollen eyes and unusual discharge from the mouth.
Teaching Obedience and Socialization
Increase the fun of having a puppy by teaching it to walk, sit, lie down and do other movements when asked to. This will not only impress your visitors but will also keep the puppy safe in times of danger. Take it for classes at a nearby pet sitting center.
When your puppy is 2-4 months old, it should know your family members and show affection towards them. In addition, it should accept other pets and livestock as part of the larger homestead. Know when and how to walk your puppy. If in doubt, always contact your vet or pet trainer.
By the time your puppy is 2 – 4 months old, she should be comfortable and affectionate towards your family.
There is no doubt that puppies are the cutest animals ever. But they do take a lot of work, dedication and love. With the proper upbringing, your puppy will soon become a grown up that will give you lot years of unconditional love.
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